Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring-summer 2020)                   DSME 2020, 7(1): 100-109 | Back to browse issues page

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Abedini baltork M. Application of constructivist-based education as a new approach in teaching-learning in the field of Medical education. DSME. 2020; 7 (1) :100-109
URL: http://dsme.hums.ac.ir/article-1-242-en.html
University of Mazandaran
Abstract:   (231 Views)
Abstract
Introduction: Given the increasing change in education, the use of new perspectives and ideas such as constructivism is important. Constructivism is an approach that has a profound effect on learning and teaching approaches and has fundamentally changed the perspective and kind of look at the nature of learning and, consequently the training, teaching, comprehension, content, role of the teacher and the learning environment. Medical science is no exception. Accordingly, the present research aimed to use constructivist education based on medical education among medical students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-survey. The statistical population consisted of students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, which included 1400 people from whom 302 subjects were selected randomly. The research instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire with four elements of purpose, content, teaching-learning strategies, and evaluation. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (One Sample T-test) were used in SPSS software.
Results: The findings of this study showed that, from the viewpoint of medical students, in terms of constructivism, the elements of target (2.12), content (2.97) and evaluation (2.95) were lower than the average, but the element of teaching-learning strategies (3.09) was higher than the average.
Conclusion: Considering the importance of constructivism approach in the education of medical sciences, it is necessary for professors and higher education system to pay more attention to this approach, because this approach will lead to deeper and more practical learning.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/04/23 | Accepted: 2020/05/12 | Published: 2020/03/15

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