Volume 8, Issue 4 (winter 2021)                   DSME 2021, 8(4): 21-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdolmaleki M, Rokhafroz D. Needs assessment in medical education with emphasis on outcome-based education: Systematic review. DSME 2021; 8 (4) :21-29
URL: http://dsme.hums.ac.ir/article-1-337-en.html
PhD, Medical Education, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (1815 Views)
Introduction and goal: Outcome-based education has a key role in the development of medical education and emphasizes on empowering students according to the needs of society. The purpose of this study is to determine the components and implementation methods of educational needs assessment based on outcome.
Methods: The present article is a review study through systematic search in valid domestic and foreign scientific databases with keywords, Assessment models, Needs assessment, needs assessment techniques, Competency Based Education, Competency based curriculum alone or in combination with the words Curriculum, Education and Development has been written.
Results: 170 documentary contents up to 2021, including articles, books and web pages, were selected and reviewed, of which 11 related articles were used. Using the studied resources, the components of needs assessment in medical education with emphasis on outcome-based education were determined as community-based approach, prioritization the needs, monitoring and scientific method.
Conclusion: For any needs assessment project, it is necessary to follow a specific model. Extracting the main components of educational needs assessment in accordance with the needs of the covered community as an important and helpful step in designing needs assessment models, leads to achieving more and more professional competencies and competencies desired by the community.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/9 | Accepted: 2021/12/31 | Published: 2021/12/31

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